Security guidelines to be maintained while designing a website
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Like any responsible website owner, you may probably well aware of the importance of online security as below:
Create a Web Application Security Blueprint:
You can’t hope to stay on top of web application security best practices without having a plan in place for doing so. All too often, companies take a disorganized approach to the situation and end up accomplishing next to nothing. Sit down with your IT security team to develop a detailed, actionable web application security plan. It should outline your organization’s goals.
Perform an Inventory of Your Web Applications:
Most organizations have many rogue applications running at any given time and never notice them until something goes wrong. You can’t hope to maintain effective web application security without knowing precisely which applications your company uses.
How many are there? Where are they located? Performing such an inventory can be a big undertaking, and it is likely to take some time to complete. While performing it, make a note of the purpose of each application. Chances are that when it is all said and done, there will be many applications that are either redundant or completely pointless. This inventory will come in handy for the steps that are to follow too, so take your time and make sure to get every single application.
Prioritize Your Web Applications:
After completing the inventory of your existing web applications, sorting them in order of priority is the logical next step. You may doubt it now, but your list is likely to be very long. Without prioritizing which applications to focus on first, you will struggle to make any meaningful progress.
By categorizing your applications, you can reserve extensive testing for critical ones and use less intensive testing for less critical ones. This allows you to make the most effective use of your company’s resources and will help you achieve progress more quickly.
As you work through the list of web applications prior to testing them, most of the web applications have much vulnerability.
Eliminating all vulnerabilities from all web applications just isn’t possible. Even after categorizing your applications according to importance, it will take considerable amounts of time to test them all. By limiting yourself to testing for only the most threatening vulnerabilities, you will save a ton of time and will get through the work a lot more quickly.
Run Applications Using the Fewest Privileges Possible:
Always use the least permissive settings for all web applications. This means that applications should be buttoned down. Only highly authorized people should be able to make system changes and the like. Otherwise, you will have to go back down the entire list adjusting settings again. For the vast majority of applications, only system administrators need complete access. Most other users can accomplish what they need with minimally permissive settings.
Have Protection in Place during the Interim:
Even if you run a small and fairly simple organization, it may take weeks – or even months – to get through the list of web applications and to make the necessary changes. During that time, your business may be more vulnerable to attacks. Therefore, it is crucial to have other protections in place in the meantime to avoid major problems.
Cookies allow users to be remembered by sites that they visit so that future visits are faster. However, cookies can also be manipulated by hackers to gain access to protected areas.
Conduct Web Application Security Awareness Training:
The majority of users have only the most basic understanding of the issue, and this can make them careless. This is also problematic because uneducated users fail to identify security risks.
By educating employees, they will more readily spot vulnerabilities themselves. In essence, bringing everyone up to speed about web application security is a terrific way to get everyone in on the act of finding and eliminating vulnerabilities.